By Teresa A Meade
In basic terms somewhat smaller in dimension than the U.S., Brazil is the 5th greatest kingdom on the earth. it really is domestic to unique Rio de Janeiro, the robust Amazon River, the world-renowned Carnival, and naturally, its shrinking rainforests. a quick background of Brazil bargains a concise but complete account of the wealthy and sundry historical past of Brazil, putting the political, fiscal, and cultural occasions of this day into vast historic context. The booklet opens with an outline of pre-colonial Brazil and is going directly to research the background of Portuguese exploration, throughout the early years of the slave alternate among Africa and the Americas, and the production of the most important slaveholding society within the sleek global. in this period, a colourful African tradition left its mark, joined by way of affects from ecu, Asian, and heart japanese immigrants, all of which mixed to create glossy Brazil. After a short-lived First Republic on the flip of the 20th century, Brazil skilled greater than 3 a long time of army dictatorship ahead of it constructed the colourful democracy that characterizes the rustic at the present time. a short heritage of Brazil additionally examines key old figures and the hallmarks of Brazilian pop culture: football, Carnival, tune, and tv.
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Additional info for A Brief History of Brazil
For their part, the Europeans introduced bitter oranges, lemons, rice, bananas, yams, coconuts, ginger, and sugar from Africa and Asia to the North and South American continents and the societies of the Caribbean Sea. They also brought grapes, wheat, barley, and other grains from Europe. Of all the Old World crops, the one that most transformed life in the Americas was sugarcane. Originating in India and cultivated along the edge of the Mediterranean Sea, as well as in the Canaries and Azores off the coast of Africa, sugarcane took to the Americas and flourished far more than it had anywhere else in the world.
It is unclear if the messenger ship that returned to Portugal carried the first sample of a dyewood from a red tree, or if the Portuguese found this wood only on their second expedition to Brazil in 1501. The dyewood’s significance is actually all in its name. The Portuguese called it pau-brasil, possibly from the word for glowing coal. As taught to them by the indigenous people, the dye was extracted from the red-orange core of a tree trunk which gave off a reddish-violet dye when submerged in water.
The church, government authorities, and commercial agents of the region were in his sphere of influence, if not in his direct employ. The casa grande, or big house, was 36 THE PORTUGUESE COLONY the focal point of the estate’s activities and it was from this locale, generally from the front porch, that the planter gave orders to his overseers and staff, heard petitions, dispensed judgments on local disputes, offered his blessing to the newborn, and directed the activities of the church and nearby towns.