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By Robert J. Alexander

Bolivia was once the guts level for the most vital Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, one who happened amid a sea of great political instability. the growth of prepared exertions that happened throughout the Twenties used to be met with a number of govt reprisals and used to be mostly curbed by way of the Chaco conflict with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being pressured to function illegally, the exertions move chanced on aid in numerous political events, the main winning of which was once the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the extraordinary upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background in the course of the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's exertions unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the appealing heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Bolivia used to be the heart degree for essentially the most very important Latin American social revolutions of the 20 th century, person who happened amid a sea of large political instability. the growth of geared up exertions that happened throughout the Nineteen Twenties used to be met with a variety of executive reprisals and used to be principally curbed by way of the Chaco struggle with Paraguay of 1932-1935. however, regardless of being forced to function illegally, the hard work stream came upon help in numerous political events, the main profitable of which used to be the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario, a powerhouse within the miners' federation. aware of the awesome upheavals which punctuated Bolivian background in the course of the 20th century, Alexander strains the relative successes of Bolivia's hard work unions, contextualizing their triumphs and disappointments in the pleasing heritage of Bolivia's tumultuous political scene.Alexander explains how the hard work circulation developed within the framework of a number of political alterations, together with: the short presidency of significant Gualberto Villarroel which all started in December 1943 and lasted purely and a part years; the Bolivian nationwide Revolution which begun on April nine, 1952; the onset of agrarian reform in 1952; the overthrow of the innovative regime in November 1964

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98. Interview with Adolfo Paco Carega, member of Executive Committee of Confederacion Sindical de Trabajadores de Bolivia, in La Paz, May 24, 1947. 99. Interview with Tristan Marof, op. , May 26, 1947. 100. Interview with Aurelio Alcoba, member of Executive Committee of Confederacion Sindical de Trabajadores de Bolivia, in La Paz, May 2 9 , 1947. 101. Gonzales, op. c i t , page 9 1 . 102. Lora, 1970, op. c i t , page 3 1 5 . 2 Unionism from the Chaco War to the Bolivian National Revolution The functioning of the Bolivian labor movement was largely suspended during the two and a half years of the Chaco War.

65 Once again, the efforts to establish a functioning national labor confederation proved fruitless. Because of governmental hostility, internal dissidence, and lack of sufficient financial resources, the Confederacion Nacional del Trabajo (CNT) did not prove to be a reality. As a consequence of all of this, a National Labor Conference was summoned in Potosi in March 1929. However, it was attended only by delegates from the Reorganizing Committee of the Federacion Obrera de Potosi and the Federaciones Obreras del Trabajo of Sucre and La Paz.

5 5 Bolivian Organized Labor before the Chaco War 21 In 1918 there were also demonstrations and a strike in Patino mines near Pulacayo in Potosi Department. In this instance, the workers were protesting against the employment of seventeen Chilean workers. The strike was successful in that the Chilean workers were dismissed. In 1921 there was another miners' strike in Pulacayo, this time over the issue of the company's trying to force small merchants out of the mining area so as to give a commercial monopoly to the Portillo Company.

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