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Download Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations by Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.) PDF

By Bes, L. (ed.), Frankot, E. (ed.), Brand, H. (ed.)

Overlaying nearly 1 archival collections in all international locations round the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), this advisor offers a vital instrument for students learning the region's maritime, financial and diplomatic family members among one hundred forty five and 18.

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Read or Download Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations of the Countries around the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), 1450–1800 (The Northern World) PDF

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Additional resources for Baltic Connections: Archival Guide to the Maritime Relations of the Countries around the Baltic Sea (including the Netherlands), 1450–1800 (The Northern World)

Sample text

Exposed on the League’s westernmost frontiers, and therefore relying heavily on the transit traf¿c between Holland and the Hanseatic towns, the Zuiderzee towns fundamentally opposed measures that put their trading relations with the County at risk. On top of this were Lübeck’s efforts to maintain the staple at Bruges, which suffered under the Àowering of direct trading relations between Dutch, English and Hanseatic merchants from all the major towns on the League’s western Àank. Hamstrung by the failures of their own system, Lübeck and the Wend towns offered little coordinated resistance against the free-riding activities of their rivals along the Baltic and Zuiderzee coasts.

The mercantile policies of the Danish King Christian IV (1596–1648) combined with his baltic connections 13 pursuit of political hegemony in the western Baltic, posed a serious threat to the Dutch advance. Tensions rose after Denmark’s victory over Sweden during the Kalmar wars of 1611–1613, which resulted in a ban on all Dutch traf¿c to Sweden and a sudden increase of the Sound Toll duties. In order to secure free entrance to the Baltic, the Dutch entered anti-Danish alliances with the Hanseatic league in 1613 and with Sweden in 1614.

By 1530, Holland’s reliance on the Baltic trade and on imports of Prussian and Livonian grain had become so great that the Habsburg political leaders realised that any interruption of the Sound trade would bring the County to the verge of famine and social disruption as a result of widespread unemployment in the booming maritime sector and exporting industries. Such a dependence was already visible in the second half of the ¿fteenth century, and it had obliged the Burgundian and Habsburg princes—be it initially with reluctance—to offer their formidable state support against the League’s attempts to bring Holland’s Sound trade to a standstill.

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