By Christopher Ebert
This examine examines the wholesale alternate in sugar from Brazil to markets in Europe. The critical marketplace was once northwestern Europe, yet for a lot of the time among 1550 and 1630 Portugal used to be drawn into the clash among Habsburg Spain and the Dutch Republic. regardless of political stumbling blocks, the alternate endured since it used to be no longer topic to monopolies and was once particularly evenly regulated and taxed. The funding constitution was once hugely overseas, as Portugal and northwestern Europe exchanged groups of retailers who have been cellular and inter-imperial in either their composition and association. This end demanding situations an imperial or mercantilist point of view of the Atlantic economic system in its earliest levels.
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Extra resources for Between Empires: Brazilian Sugar in the Early Atlantic Economy, 1550-1630 (The Atlantic World)
This success in bulk trades developed independently of Antwerp’s problems. Nevertheless, Antwerp’s decline eventually did benefit Amsterdam through immigration. In the first decades of the seventeenth century, Portuguese merchants in Antwerp began to move—in ever increasing numbers—into the northern Netherlands, especially to Amsterdam. Partly as a result of this relocation of human capital, Amsterdam showed a clear advantage as a location from which to trade with the Iberian Peninsula, particularly during the Twelve-Year Truce.
Peter Stabel, Bruno Blondé, and Anke Greve (Apeldoorn: Garant, 2000), 228–30. Gelderblom echoes Jan de Vries and Ad van der Woude in believing that Amsterdam’s rise was a result of its own maturation, independent of the chaos in Antwerp in the last two decades of the seventeenth century. As Gelderblom indicates, by the time Parma took Antwerp, 100 merchants from the southern Low Countries had already settled in Amsterdam. Between 1578 and 1630, over 400 such merchant families immigrated to Amsterdam.
46 Commodities moved in English, Portuguese and Italian ships, and distinctions about the origins of the merchant capital spawning these voyages were often unclear. 47 The volume of the trade in the fifteenth century waxed and waned according to political circumstances, but in busy years a dozen or so ships from Portugal might visit English harbors. Fewer English ships visited Portuguese harbors, but English cargoes were characterized by much Pohl, Die Portugiesen in Antwerpen, 68–9. This process of merchant migration has received its best explanation to date from Oscar Gelderblom, Zuid-Nederlandse kooplieden en de opkomst van de Amsterdamse stapelmarkt (1578–1630) (Hilversum: Verloren, 2000).