By David G. Hewitt
content material: Taxonomy, evolutionary background, and distribution / James R. Heffelfinger --
Anatomy and body structure / Stephen S. Ditchkoff --
nutrients / David G. Hewitt --
Antlers / Steve Demarais and Bronson ok. Strickland --
inhabitants dynamics / Charles A. DeYoung --
Spatial use of landscapes / Kelley M. Stewart, R. Terry Bowyer, and Peter J. Weisberg --
illnesses and parasites / Tyler A. Campbell and Kurt C. VerCauteren --
Predator-prey relationships / Warren Ballard --
Interactions with different huge herbivores / Jonathan A. Jenks and David M. Leslie Jr. --
White-tailed deer habit / Randy W. DeYoung and Karl V. Miller --
administration heritage / Kip P. Adams and R. Joseph Hamilton --
affects on ecosystems / Steeve D. Côté --
affects of deer on society / Michael R. Conover --
broad administration / Lonnie Hansen --
administration on inner most estate / Harry A. Jacobson [and others] --
coping with white-tailed deer : jap North the US / Duane R. Diefenbach and Stephen M. Shea --
coping with white-tailed deer : midwest North the USA / Kurt C. VerCauteren and Scott E. Hygnstrom --
dealing with white-tailed deer : western North the US / Timothy E. Fulbright --
coping with white-tailed deer : Latin the United States / J. Alfonso Ortega-S. [and others] --
coping with white-tailed deer : exurban, suburban, and concrete environments / Jacob L. Bowman --
the way forward for white-tailed deer administration / Brian P. Murphy.
Read or Download Biology and management of white-tailed deer PDF
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Extra resources for Biology and management of white-tailed deer
V. , 2003) and morphological (Molina and Molinari, 1999) differentiation. Curiously, one sample from the mainland adjacent to Isla de Margarita included in the analysis by Moscarella et al. (2003) clustered with all other Margarita Island deer and not with mainland deer. The other island population is not as clearly defined as a subspecies. curassavicus). Hummelinck (1940) described this subspecies as also occurring on the mainland on the Guajira Peninsula in Colombia. White-tailed deer remains are not present in the island’s archaeological sites from Archaic Age inhabitants (prior to 500 ad), but only appear after the arrival of Caquetio immigrants sometime after 500 ad (Hooijer, 1960; Havier, 1987).
White-tailed deer remains are not present in the island’s archaeological sites from Archaic Age inhabitants (prior to 500 ad), but only appear after the arrival of Caquetio immigrants sometime after 500 ad (Hooijer, 1960; Havier, 1987). By the time the Spaniards arrived on the island (1499 ad), white-tailed deer were common. Hernandez de Alba (1963) notes that Caquetios traded venison and live deer between Venezuela and the islands prior to Spanish contact. This strongly suggests white-tailed deer were not native to the island, but were introduced by this immigrating culture from the South American mainland (Husson, 1960).
They have a shorter summer coat, but even that appears gray. Highelevation deer weigh 52–57 kg (Molinari, 2007), which is slightly larger than lowland deer. Distribution of white-tailed deer in the Andes is not limited by elevation per se, but by steep and arid habitat above and thick rainforest on mountain slopes below (Brokx, 1984). The extreme southern distribution of white-tailed deer is represented by an extension from southern Peru into Bolivia along a portion of the Andes. In Bolivia, white-tailed deer are found at least as far south as the village of Pelechuco, and maybe somewhat farther based on habitat (Jungius, 1974).