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Download Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue by Niall Johnson PDF

By Niall Johnson

Between August 1918 and March 1919 a flu pandemic unfold around the globe and in precisely lower than a yr forty million humans had died from the virus all over the world. this can be the 1st publication to supply a complete historical past and heavily study the British studies in the course of that time.

The e-book presents the main up to date tally of the pandemic’s impression, together with the tremendous mortality, in addition to wondering the obvious origins of the pandemic. A ‘total’ background, this publication levels from the unfold of the 1918–1919 pandemic, to the fundamental biology of influenza, and the way epidemics and pandemics are attainable, to think about the demographic, social, fiscal and political affects of the sort of substantial pandemic, together with the cultural dimensions of naming, blame, metaphors, reminiscence, the media, artwork and literature.

An inter-disciplinary learn, it stretches from background and geography via to medication which will express the entire importance of the 1st international scientific ‘disaster’ of the 20th century, and appears forward to attainable pandemics of the future.

Niall Johnson brings a powerful scholarly eye in this interesting and hugely proper subject making this crucial examining for historians and people with an curiosity in British and scientific history.

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Additional info for Britain and the 1918-19 Influenza Pandemic: A Dark Epilogue

Example text

The symptoms were apparently reminiscent of the 1918–19 pandemic and an influenza virus that resembled a swine flu virus was later isolated from some soldiers there, with another 273 personnel found to have antibodies, an indication that they too had been infected by the virus (Gregg 1983). The fear was that this was the possible start of a new pandemic. In fact, two types of influenza were detected amongst the troops. First, there was one of the influenza viruses commonly circulating the world at the time (Influenza A/Victoria/75).

2003: 1736; WHO 2004a). Of greater concern though has been the changes to the H5N1 strain, termed the Z-strain, which has spread to a number of countries in east and southeast Asia (Monto 2005). This strain has shown pathogenicity in a number of animal species and further cases of animal-to-human transmission and human fatalities have been recorded, with some fifty-seven deaths from 112 cases as of August 2005 (WHO 2005a). These are the conditions that make many consider that the potential for an influenza pandemic is higher than it has been for some time (Stöhr 2005).

New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary 1993 4th edn: I: 836) Pandemic adj. 1 (of a disease) prevalent throughout a country, a continent, or the world; of or pertaining to such a disease. (New Shorter Oxford English Dictionary 1993 4th edn: II: 2082) Pandemic tends to denote a global involvement, whereas epidemic refers to large outbreaks at the national or smaller scale. It is worth noting that it is 26 The history of influenza not a rise in lethality that denotes an epidemic or pandemic of influenza, rather it is the occurrence of many cases throughout the world within a short period that constitutes a pandemic.

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