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Download Cambridge Dictionary of Scientists by David Millar PDF

By David Millar

This quantity is a useful one-stop reference booklet for somebody in need of a short and actual account of the existence and paintings of these who created technological know-how from its beginnings to the current day. The alphabetically geared up, illustrated biographical dictionary has been completely revised and up-to-date, overlaying over 1,500 key scientists (157 greater than within the earlier version) from forty international locations. Physics, chemistry, biology, geology, astronomy, arithmetic, medication, meteorology and expertise are all represented and distinctive consciousness is paid to pioneer girls whose achievements and instance opened how one can clinical careers for others. This new version comprises contemporary Nobel laureates, in addition to winners of the Fields Medal, the mathematician's identical of the Nobel Prize. Illustrated with round a hundred and fifty images, diagrams, maps and tables, and with targeted panel positive aspects, this booklet is an available consultant to the world's in demand clinical personalities. David Millar has performed examine into the movement of polar ice sheets on the Scott Polar study Institute, Cambridge, and in Antarctica. He has additionally written on a number technology and expertise themes, and edited a learn of the politics of the Antarctic. His specialist profession has been spent within the oil undefined, largely within the advertising and marketing of geoscience software program. He lives in France. John Millar graduated from Trinity collage, Cambridge, and has a doctorate from Imperial collage, London. He labored for BP constructing new geophysical tools to be used in oil exploration and creation. In 1994 he co-founded GroundFlow Ltd., which has built electrokinetic surveying and logging as a brand new process for imaging and mapping fluids in subsurface porous rocks.

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His ideas were certainly influential in science and probably even more in philosophy. His personality was unattractive and his writings abstruse, but his confidence that nature could be understood and even controlled was important, and as a critic and a prophet his role in the scientific development of the following centuries is significant. His own direct scientific work was limited; the best example is his conclusion on the nature of heat, which by argument and thoughtexperiments he decided was ‘an expansive motion restrained, and striving to exert itself in the smaller particles’.

A similar use of a Barlow lens is between the objective and eyepiece of a telescope, where again it increases magnification by extending the focal length of the main lens. Barnard, Edward Emerson (1857–1923) US astronomer: discovered Amalthea and Barnard’s star. Despite a background of poverty and poor schooling, Barnard became a professional astronomer with great skill as an observer; he discovered a variety of interesting celestial objects. By the time he was 30 he had found more than 10 comets, and in 1892 he discovered Amalthea, the first new satellite of Jupiter to be discovered for nearly three centuries.

A ‘compiler’. In 1954 he published the first version of FORTRAN (FORmula TRANslator) and by 1957 it was commercially available for use on IBM computers. High-level languages have greatly aided the use of computers in solving scientific problems, and FORTRAN itself remains widely used for scientific work. Bacon, Francis, Viscount St Albans (1561–1626) English statesman and natural philosopher: advocate of inductive method in science. Son of a statesman and courtier, Bacon was trained in law to follow the same path; with much effort and little scruple, he succeeded and held office under James I, finally becoming Lord High Chancellor in 1618.

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