By Claire Cameron
Care paintings in Europe offers a cross-national and cross-sectoral examine of care paintings in Europe this present day, overlaying coverage, provision and perform, in addition to exploring how care paintings is conceptualized and understood. Drawing on a research which seems at care paintings around the lifestyles path in a couple of ecu nations, this publication:
- explores the context and rising coverage agendas
- provides an research of the way various international locations and sectors comprehend and constitution care paintings
- examines key concerns, corresponding to the extraordinary gendering of the team, expanding difficulties of recruitment and turnover, what varieties of wisdom and schooling the paintings calls for and what stipulations are had to confirm quality employment
- considers attainable destiny instructions, together with the choice of a familiar specialist employee, trained to paintings around the lifestyles direction and even if ‘care’ will, or may still, stay a special box of coverage and employment.
This groundbreaking comparative research provokes much-needed new considering the present state of affairs and destiny path of care paintings, a space necessary to the social and fiscal health of Europe.
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Additional info for Care work in Europe : current understandings and future directions
And] care by relatives is very rare at least when talking about regular everyday care’ (Jensen and Hansen 2002a: 29). In 1980, 38 per cent of 1-year-olds were in public services, in 2000, the ﬁgure was 68 per cent, with similar increases for other age groups, except children under 1 year where the proportion has fallen from 23 to 15 per cent as a result of the introduction of leave schemes (discussed further below). A survey of 31⁄2-year-old children in 1999 found just 2 per cent cared for by grandparents or other relatives.
Services for older people in the EU vary, both overall and in terms of the balance between residential and community care services. Pacolet et al. (1999: 25) found that ‘reported levels in residential care differ on a scale of between 1 and 5 . . and between 1 and 3 in the case of community care . . The Nordic countries and the Mediterranean countries are situated at the upper and lower extremes of the range’ (emphasis added). In the seven member states studied by Rostgaard and Fridberg (1998), provision of home helps in the mid-1990s varied from a quarter of the 65 years+ population in Denmark and 17 per cent in Sweden to 10 to12 per cent 36 The care workforce in Finland and the Netherlands and 6 to7 per cent in France, Germany and England.
But there are substantial national differences: 50 per cent in Poland, 70 per cent in Slovakia, rising to 85 per cent and over in the Czech Republic and Hungary. e. for children under 3 years) are much lower throughout the former Soviet bloc, and less than 10 per cent in Central Europe. Nursery provision has practically disappeared in the Czech Republic and Slovakia (UNICEF 1999, 2001). Within the EU, Denmark has high levels of child and youth residential and foster care: ‘Denmark, in line with other countries in Central and Southern Europe, has had from a very early period a strong institutional culture and has a large and varied selection of residential institutions for children and youth’ (Hestbæk 1998: 234).