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Category: American Studies

Download Road Congestion Pricing In Europe: Implications for the by Harry W. Richardson, Chang-Hee Christine Bae PDF

By Harry W. Richardson, Chang-Hee Christine Bae

In February 2003, the London Congestion Charging Scheme used to be brought and in 2006 an analogous coverage was once brought in Stockholm. In either situations motor vehicle site visitors getting into the cordon declined by means of approximately 20 percentage. This e-book evaluates those and different comparable courses exploring their implications for the USA. whereas there's expanding curiosity in highway pricing within the US in lots of person states, the inducement is frequently street financing instead of congestion aid. The individuals argue that the customers for wide implementation within the US stay uncertain.Nevertheless, this ebook illustrates that the ecu event suggesting political feasibility is far much less of a hurdle than used to be thought of and that congestion pricing may have an important influence in decreasing site visitors because it did in Europe. This study's price lies within the incontrovertible fact that it examines street pricing within the actual international and never easily from a theoretical point of view. As a comparative research it is going to entice either policymakers and teachers in transportation economics and making plans, city economics, making plans and monetary geography.

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Download Accidental Logics: The Dynamics of Change in the Health Care by Carolyn Hughes Tuohy PDF

By Carolyn Hughes Tuohy

What drives swap in well-being care structures? Why do definite alterations take place in a few international locations and never in others? writer Carolyn Hughes Tuohy argues that the reply lies in realizing the "accidents" of historical past that experience formed nationwide structures at severe moments, and within the exact "logics" of those platforms. Tuohy appears to be like on the reports of england, Canada, and the U.S., delivering a global comparative research of public coverage structures, in addition to a up to date historical past of the conditions in every one state that experience impacted at the constructions of each's nationwide health and wellbeing care procedure. The guiding concentration of the e-book is Tuohy's research of determination making structures in each one nation, taking a look at the choices made via those that offer, finance, and use well-being care companies. eventually, Tuohy studies present matters within the overall healthiness care arenas of those 3 international locations and offers feedback to lead the strategic judgments that decision-makers needs to make.

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Download Dark Victory: The United States and Global Poverty by Walden Bello, Shea Cunningham, Bill Rau PDF

By Walden Bello, Shea Cunningham, Bill Rau

A critique of why 3rd global poverty is so familiar. starvation and malnutrition stalk the nations of the South. over the past twenty years, because the populations of those nations have elevated, so too has mass poverty. during this serious learn of Western relief giving, Bello bargains a pursuasive argument that re-colonization of the 3rd international has been conducted in the course of the firms of the overseas Banks. Bello argues that "the Reagan management got here to energy with an schedule to self-discipline the 3rd global" and in pursuing this coverage, the U.S. driven the area financial institution to shift its assets to "structural adjustment" lending. Such strength, Bello asserts, was once "used via the Reagan treasury division to blast open 3rd international economies" and the end result of such activities has ended in decrease boundaries to relief of social welfare spending, salary cuts and devaluation of neighborhood currencies. Recipients of any lending from the West were pressured to just accept those regulations, with disastrous results.

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Download American Health Care: Realities, Rights, and Reforms by Charles J. Dougherty PDF

By Charles J. Dougherty

Is our current wellbeing and fitness care process biased opposed to individuals with constrained schooling and source of revenue? Does each American have an ethical correct to healthiness care? if that is so, what forms of care and what sort of? In a provocative examine American healthiness care supply, Charles J. Dougherty considers those and lots of different questions. His booklet fills a big area of interest in modern clinical ethics and public future health literature by means of combining an outline and research of the yank well-being care system--as it truly operates today--with an review of modern philosophical writings on justice. within the first part, Dougherty describes inequalities in well-being care supply to blacks, the terrible, and the fewer expert. He then experiences the philosophical theories of utilitarianism, egalitarianism, contractarianism, and libertarianism; applies them to healthiness care matters; and argues for an ethical correct to healthiness care. He considers on hand coverage choices, concluding that the empirical information and our realizing of justice and human rights should still devote us to a countrywide healthiness care plan supported by way of nationwide medical health insurance.

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Download Globalization and a High-Tech Economy: California, the by Ashok Bardhan, Dwight Jaffee, Cynthia Kroll PDF

By Ashok Bardhan, Dwight Jaffee, Cynthia Kroll

High-technology and globalization are arguably the 2 most vital forces using the united states economic climate this present day. This publication analyzes how they have interaction and the results of that interplay. The method applies info and statistical research to figure out the influence of those forces over a large spectrum of the united states financial system. Key subject matters addressed comprise why the U.S. financial system runs a continuous exchange deficit in synthetic high-tech items, why high-tech agencies gradually lose production jobs, whereas growing specialist jobs, and why high-tech industries depend upon international outsourcing for a lot in their production.

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Download American Generations: Who They Are and How They Live by Inc. New Strategist Publications PDF

By Inc. New Strategist Publications

A great source for researchers who are looking to speedy and simply evaluate and distinction the demographics of the six residing generations--iGeneration, Millennial, new release X, child growth, Swing, and international warfare II. It opens with an in-depth evaluate of the demographics of every new release and the eleven following chapters research their attitudes, schooling, overall healthiness, housing, source of revenue, hard work strength, residing preparations, inhabitants, spending, time use, and wealth. each one bankruptcy comprises tables and textual content sincerely describing an important traits, together with what to anticipate sooner or later. trendy international alterations quickly and those who are as low as ten years aside in age could have very diversified stories becoming up, making them in contrast to each other in major methods. American Generations unearths the variations and similarities one of the generations of american citizens.

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Download Food Insecurity and Hunger in the United States: An by National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social PDF

By National Research Council, Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education, Committee on National Statistics, Panel to Review U.S Department of Agriculture's Measurement of Food Insecurity and Hunger

The usa is considered by means of the area as a rustic with lots of nutrients, but no longer all families in the US are nutrition safe, which means entry normally to sufficient nutrients for an energetic, fit existence. A percentage of the inhabitants reports nutrition lack of confidence at your time in a given yr due to meals deprivation and shortage of entry to foodstuff as a result of monetary source constraints. nonetheless, foodstuff lack of confidence within the usa isn't of an analogous depth as in a few constructing nations. due to the fact 1995 the U.S. division of Agriculture (USDA) has each year released information at the quantity of nutrients lack of confidence and nutrition lack of confidence with starvation in U.S. families. those estimates are in keeping with a survey degree built by way of the U.S. nutrients safeguard dimension venture, an ongoing collaboration between federal organizations, educational researchers, and personal organizations.

USDA asked the Committee on nationwide facts of the nationwide Academies to convene a panel of specialists to adopt a two-year research in stages to check at this 10-year mark the ideas and method for measuring foodstuff lack of confidence and starvation and the makes use of of the degree. In part 2 of the examine the panel was once to contemplate in additional intensity the problems raised in section 1 in terms of the strategies and techniques used to degree meals safety and make innovations as appropriate.

The Committee on nationwide information appointed a panel of 10 specialists to envision the above concerns. so one can offer well timed suggestions to USDA, the panel issued an meantime section 1 file, Measuring foodstuff lack of confidence and starvation: part 1 file. That record awarded the panel's initial exams of the meals defense thoughts and definitions; the appropriateness of picking starvation as a serious variety of meals lack of confidence in one of these survey-based size procedure; questions for measuring those recommendations; and the appropriateness of a loved ones survey for usually tracking foodstuff safeguard within the U.S. inhabitants. It supplied meantime information for the continuing creation of the nutrients safety estimates. This ultimate document essentially makes a speciality of the part 2 cost. the key findings and conclusions in response to the panel's evaluation and deliberations are summarized.

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Download Transnationals and Governments: Recent Policies in Japan, by David Bailey, George Harte, Robert Sugden PDF

By David Bailey, George Harte, Robert Sugden

The capability ease with which transnational organisations can relocate their actions offers them nice leverage over person governments. The authors define a number of the regulations that the world's significant economies have followed to deal with the original concerns created by way of transnationals. They exhibit that there was a marked distinction within the point of shock approximately transnationals' actions around the nations studied, and that this has ended in considerably varied ways in the direction of transnationals.

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