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Download Christian IV and His Navy: A Political and Administrative by Bellamy, M.J. PDF

By Bellamy, M.J.

In the course of Christian IVs hugely influential reign, the Danish military became the most major if mistaken navies in Europe.This e-book presents a close survey of its politics, management and operation.

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Additional info for Christian IV and His Navy: A Political and Administrative History of the Danish Navy, 1596-1648 (Northern World)

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Anderson, Naval Wars in the Baltic 1522–1850, (London, 1910), 43. Paul Douglas Lockhart, Denmark in the Thirty Years’ War, 1618–1648: King Christian IV and the Decline of the Oldenburg State, (London, 1996), 205. 26 20 chapter one Sweden’s truce of Altmark with Poland, and the subsequent successes of Gustav Adolf in Germany left no one in doubt as to who was the new master of the Baltic. Sweden controlled and levied tolls on virtually the entire southern Baltic coastline. Christian IV recognised the danger of Sweden enlarging its area of rightful Baltic dominion and warned the rigsråd in 1630 that a fleet still needed to be maintained to prevent any further encroachment on Denmark’s sovereignty, but Danish policy in the Baltic remained somewhat hesitant in the years immediately after the peace of Lübeck.

Fulton, Sovereignty of the Sea, 3 & 35. 26 chapter one second definition, that if a country held the territory on both sides of a sea it could be considered sovereign, came into force. Norsemen had begun to settle Greenland in the tenth century and although no contact had been made since the fifteenth century Greenland was still considered to be a Norwegian possession. 46 Despite the tenuous nature of Danish claims Christian IV strongly believed in them and they were driven by the same principles of mare clausum that governed his Baltic policies.

The Kalmar War gave the navy its first chance to impress the world with its fighting abilities. Although no great naval battle was fought the navy did impress foreign observers by its size and for its part in taking the forts of Kalmar and Älvsborg. The Frenchman Julien Peleus was particularly effusive in his praise, although his description must be tempered by the fact that he also compared Christian IV and his generals to Alexander, Caesar and Hannibal:84 . . a fleet of large and beautiful ships which might be called marvels of the ocean as they were not just ships but castles and powerful fortresses floating on the sea, in any of which there were eighty firstrate bronze cannon.

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