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By Sudhanshu Handa

This paper explores the influence of six noncommunicable power illnesses (NCCDs) on Jamaicans' judgements to retire. utilizing the 1991 and 1992 Survey of dwelling stipulations database it examines the considerably detrimental effect that NCCDs have on humans last in employment. Chapters current findings that recommend the necessity to combine well-being and exertions industry regulations; talk about health and wellbeing transition and the hard work industry in Jamaica; supply information, samples, and wellbeing and fitness measures; supply an econometric version; research NCCDs in admire to gender and different social matters; and current sensitivity research at the effect of actual health and wellbeing prestige on employment.

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Employment Rates by Age and Sex 11 Figure 2. Male Employment Rate by Health Status 12 Figure 3. Female Employment Rate by Health Status 12 Figure 4. Estimated Impact of Chronic Illness on EmploymentFemales 24 Figure 5. Estimated Impact of Chronic Illness on EmploymentMales 24 Figure 6. Estimated Impact of ADL Index 1 on EmploymentMales 31 Figure 7. Estimated Impact of ADL Index 1 on EmploymentFemales 33 Figure 8. Estimated Impact of ADL Index 2 on EmploymentMales 33 Figure 9. Estimated Impact of ADL Index 2 on EmploymentFemales 34 Page vii Foreword Investment in the health of the population in developing countries has been advocated as an efficient policy to promote economic development on the basis of the positive connection between good health and labor market activity.

Table 7: Sample Summary Statistics by GenderMalesFemalesVariableMeanSt. MeanSt. 50Number of observations20942291Source: Jamaican Survey of Living Conditions, 1991 and 1992. 20 Total per capita household consumption is often used in reduced form type household demand equations as a measure of household welfare (Tansel 1994; Thomas, Strauss & Henriques 1990). Expenditures can be viewed as a proxy for long run permanent income if households smooth their consumption in the face of transitory income shocks.

Such endogeneity may result in exaggerated estimates of the impact of health on labor force behavior. Page 18 There are several reasons to believe that the binary self-reported chronic disease measures in the Jamaican SLC are less prone to endogeneity than self-reported general health measures for Jamaica, and than similar variables in established market economies. First, it seems more likely that if respondents are going to justify retirement as resulting from a health problem, they are more likely to report poor general health or limited functioning than to report a particular chronic condition.

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