By Paul P. Mariani
By 1952 the chinese language Communist occasion had suppressed all geared up resistance to its regime and stood unopposed, or so it's been believed. inner social gathering documents―declassified simply lengthy sufficient for historian Paul Mariani to ship copies out of China―disclose that one team deemed an enemy of the country held out after the others had fallen. a celebration document from Shanghai marked “top-secret” unearths a made up our minds, usually brave resistance by way of the neighborhood Catholic Church. Drawing on centuries of expertise in suffering from the chinese language specialists, the Church was once proving a obdurate fit for the party.
Mariani tells the tale of the way Bishop (later Cardinal) Ignatius Kung Pinmei, the Jesuits, and the Catholic adolescence resisted the regime’s punishing attack at the Shanghai Catholic neighborhood and refused to give up the pope and the Church in Rome. performing clandestinely, mirroring strategies utilized by the formerly underground CCP, Shanghai’s Catholics endured until eventually 1955, whilst the occasion arrested Kung and 1,200 different best Catholics. The imprisoned believers have been later surprised to profit that the betrayal had come from inside of their very own ranks.
Though the CCP couldn't eliminate the Catholic Church in China, it succeeded in dividing it. Mariani’s mystery historical past lines the origins of a deep cut up within the chinese language Catholic group, the place family among the “Patriotic” and underground church buildings stay strained even today.
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Additional info for Church Militant: Bishop Kung and Catholic Resistance in Communist Shanghai
What was her role, when his mother was still very much alive? Indeed, an awkward moment ensued. ”62 To illustrate the power and multiple connections of these Catholic clans, I will describe the Zhu family, one of Catholic Shanghai’s largest and most important families. A diagram of the current family genealogy extends to over ten generations and originates with a common ancestor who converted to Catholicism in the seventeenth century. 64 These multiple links were often forged at St. Ignatius High School, which was administered by the French Jesuits.
Eleven years later, he was ordained a priest. There was an endearing aspect to the man as well. Kung had feet of clay, for once he had nearly been thrown out of the seminary for the egregious violation of smoking, conduct—in the eyes of his stern superiors—unbecoming a seminarian. For much of his priestly life, Kung worked in Catholic schools in the region. His last job was as pastor and director of St. Louis Gonzaga Parish and parish school. Kung thus had pastoral and administrative skills. He also had a good working relationship with the Jesuits.
For example, Archbishop Yu Pin (Yu Bin) of Nanjing had many contacts in the KMT government. He also had a lobbying office in Washington DC, and he even testified to Congress, warning of the dangers of Communism. When Nanjing fi nally fell, he was conveniently out of the country. ” He spent the rest of his days in Taiwan. There is great irony in all this. For too long the church was accused of not responding to the nationalistic aspirations of the Chinese people. But when some church leaders did become more politically involved, they would fi nd themselves on the losing side of a civil war.