By OECD Territorial Reviews
Mega towns like Tokyo with greater than 35 million humans and Mexico with approximately 18.5 million, and massive agglomerations akin to Montreal, Helsinki, Madrid and Stockholm are usually referred to as engines of nationwide progress. aggressive towns within the international economic climate is predicated on a different overseas database of seventy eight metro-regions. It presents symptoms regarding huge towns' performances inside their nations and the criteria contributing to their progress. ''The so much complete exam of the territorial size underlying monetary development today,'' this record additionally addresses key dilemmas, together with concerns reminiscent of competitiveness and social unity, intergovernmental relationships and concrete finance.
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Additional info for Competitive Cities in the Global Economy
Almost one-half of the Danish and Irish GDP and more than 40% of the Finnish and Belgian GDP are produced in Copenhagen, Dublin, Helsinki and Brussels respectively. One-third or more of Norwegian, New Zealand and Czech GDP are based in their national capitals (Oslo, Auckland and Prague). 9%) respectively. Of the 20 metro-regions that concentrate more than 20% of national GDP, 15 are capitals and one more (the Dutch Randstad-Holland) includes the national capital within a multi-polar metro-region, leaving only Auckland, Istanbul, Sydney and Zurich as non-capitals.
Introduction Globalisation and the acceleration of international trade flows have put cities back on the stage. Today, large cities, or metropolitan regions (metroregions), are the key loci of transnational flows and function as essential spatial nodes of the global economy to such extent that one hears talk of “a common market of metropolitan economies”. Yet, the role of large cities in economic growth and their capacity to concentrate large parts of population and economic activity across national territories are not a new phenomenon.
Some of them, as our data show, succeed in using these advantages to develop other activities and become innovative metro-regions. Others simply continue with the size and prominence afforded by capital-city status. Vienna is an interesting example of a capital city of an extensive central European empire, which subsequently became the capital of a much reduced nation, but retaining the cultural and communications advantages of its previous situation (OECD 2003d). It also became a major industrial city, a role which, in common with most capitals in advanced countries, it is now losing.