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By Kevin J. Middlebrook

Under what stipulations do political associations enhance which are in a position to selling fiscal and social elites' lodging to democracy? the significance of this query for study on regime swap and democracy in Latin the United States lies in confirmed political proof: alliances among upper-class teams and the military have traditionally been an enormous explanation for army intervention within the zone, and nations with electorally plausible nationwide conservative events have skilled considerably longer classes of democratic governance because the Nineteen Twenties and Nineteen Thirties than have nations with vulnerable conservative parties.

The individuals to this e-book research the connection among definitely the right and democracy in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, El Salvador, Peru, and Venezuela through the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties. The authors concentration really at the demanding situations that democratization may well pose to upper-class teams; the political function of conservative events and their electoral functionality in the course of those the most important many years; and the relationships between conservative occasion energy or weak spot, assorted modes of elite curiosity illustration, and monetary and social elites' help for political democracy. the amount encompasses a statistical appendix with facts on conservative events' electoral functionality in nationwide elections through the Nineteen Eighties and Nineteen Nineties in those seven countries.

Contributors: Atilio A. Borón, Universidad de Buenos Aires • Catherine M. Conaghan, Queen's collage • Michael Coppedge, college of Notre Dame • John C. Dugas, Kalamazoo collage • Manuel Antonio Garretón, Universidad de Chile • Scott Mainwaring, college of Notre Dame • Rachel Meneguello, Universidade de Campinas • Kevin J. Middlebrook, collage of California, San Diego • Timothy J. strength, Florida overseas college • Elisabeth J. wooden, big apple University.

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Example text

Moreover, the introduction of tighter suffrage qualifications (especially literacy requirements) in ∞∫∫∞ restricted political participation. ∑∏ Church-state conflicts did arise in the nineteenth century. ∑π There was no significant religious conflict in the immediate postindependence period because Brazil’s separation from Portugal in ∞∫≤≤ did not take a republican form. ∑∫ Most government initiatives to increase state control over the church were directed at foreign-dominated monastic orders, and these measures generally received support from the leaders of the national church.

One important consequence was that electoral results remained subject to military veto. Indeed, there was only one constitutional transfer of power (in ∞Ω∂∑) between APRA’s emergence in the ∞Ω≥≠s and the restoration of civilian control in ∞Ω∫≠ after a lengthy period of military rule. The Latin American countries examined here evidenced different historical patterns of conservative party development, and these distinctive legacies had important implications for conservative parties’ political roles and electoral performance in newly established democratic regimes during the ∞Ω∫≠s and ∞ΩΩ≠s.

The Latin American countries examined here evidenced different historical patterns of conservative party development, and these distinctive legacies had important implications for conservative parties’ political roles and electoral performance in newly established democratic regimes during the ∞Ω∫≠s and ∞ΩΩ≠s. Church-state conflicts in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries led to the formation of nationally organized, electorally viable parties on the center-right and right of the partisan spectrum in Chile, Colombia, and Venezuela.

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