By Tony Storey, Alan Lidbury
This textbook covers the felony legislation alternative of the A-level legislation syllabus, and provides an excellent advent for anyone coming to the topic for the 1st time.
Criminal Law covers all A-level syllabuses/specification requisites, and is written via the central examiner and crucial assistant examiner in legal legislations for one of many significant exam forums. It comprises large case representation, and various exam comparable questions and actions. there's a unique specialise in key abilities, and at the new synoptic review syllabus requirements.
This totally up to date 3rd variation builds upon the luck of the 1st versions.
- provides insurance of OCR and AQA specifications
- is recommended by means of OCR to be used with the felony legislation choice
- includes new OCR synoptic overview resource fabrics (for use in examinations in June 2005) with extra guidance
- discusses new laws and cases including Sexual Offences Act 2003, Andrews, Bollom, G and R, Rowland, Safi and others, Weller, Z.
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Additional info for Criminal Law
V sustained serious injury in the fall and D was convicted of inﬂicting grievous bodily harm (see Chapter 8). On appeal, D claimed that V’s response was unreasonable but the Court of Appeal upheld the conviction. The reasonable person could have foreseen V’s reaction in attempting to escape as a possible consequence of D’s actions. The decision, then, rests with the jury to assess whether the victim’s responses to the perceived threat were reasonable and foreseeable in the circumstances, taking into account that V may well have been frightened at the time.
In this case, D is not guilty of murder, but he would be convicted of attempted murder instead. This is, in fact, exactly what happened in White (1910). 4 Actus reus and mens rea Causation As indicated above, to be guilty of murder, D must ‘cause death’. This is an example of one aspect of the actus reus, ‘causation’. Causation must be established for nearly all offences but it so happens that the crime of murder provides the best illustrations of the operation of the principles involved. Whether D’s acts or omissions actually caused V’s death is always for the jury to decide.
Mellor (1996) V, a 71-year-old man, was attacked by a gang of hooligans, including D, late one winter’s evening. He was taken to hospital suffering facial bruising and complaining of chest pain. He died in hospital two days later. D tried to avoid liability by claiming that the hospital had failed to give V sufﬁcient oxygen in time, as a result of which he had developed pneumonia, which was the medical cause of death. But D was convicted of manslaughter and the Court of Appeal upheld the conviction.