By Eric W. Osborne
Cruisers and conflict Cruisers: An Illustrated heritage in their effect КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: ABC-CLIOСерия: guns & WarfareАвтор(ы): Eric W. OsborneЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2004Количество страниц: 300ISBN: 1-85109-370-2Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.72 mb RapidIfolder sixty eight
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Extra info for Cruisers and Battle Cruisers: An Illustrated History of Their Impact
4-inch cannons in broadside on one gun deck. 3 knots under steam, with a limited range, owing to high coal consumption, which still necessitated the use of a full sailing rig. Its armor, how- THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE CRUISER, 1860–1905 ever, gave it a great reputation around the world as the first cruiser to carry protection. Attached to the hull was a belt of old wroughtiron armor with a maximum thickness of 6 inches that ran the entire length. It extended from 2 feet above to 5 feet below the waterline.
They created the belted cruiser, the earliest armored cruiser, and the protected cruiser. The British continued construction along the same lines as Shannon as experimentation with new technology ruled the day. 8 Additional development in Britain was necessary in this period because the country was in a naval arms race with France. Most of this competition centered on the construction of battleships, but the British did produce one more group of cruisers, the Nelson-class, completed between 1878 and 1881.
The ship also had an armored belt with a maximum thickness of 9 inches, much greater than General Admiral. This belt, however, did not extend for the entire length of the hull because of weight. The British, unlike the Russians, sought a compromise to offset the weight problem: The armored belt tapered off near both the ends of the ship. Past the belt, the British installed a protective deck as the deepest one in the hull. This deck had a maximum thickness of 3 inches to guard against plunging fire that could penetrate to the magazines and machinery, which are collectively referred to as the vitals, of the ship that lay in the bottom of the hull.