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Download From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban by Jennifer S. Light PDF

By Jennifer S. Light

During the early a long time of the chilly warfare, large-scale investments in American protection and aerospace learn and improvement spawned various problem-solving innovations, applied sciences, and associations. From platforms research to reconnaissance satellites to imagine tanks, those recommendations didn't stay particular add-ons of the protection institution. as an alternative, they simply discovered civilian functions in either the personal and public quarter. urban making plans and administration have been no exception.

Jennifer mild argues that the applied sciences and values of the chilly struggle essentially formed the background of postwar city the USA. From struggle to Welfare records how American intellectuals, urban leaders, and the government selected to assault difficulties within the nation's towns by means of borrowing options and applied sciences first designed for army engagement with overseas enemies. Experiments in city challenge fixing tailored the services of security execs to stand new threats: city chaos, blight, and social unrest. Tracing the move of techniques from army to urban making plans and administration, mild unearths how a continual resource of suggestion for American urban directors lay within the nation's arrangements for war.

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From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America

In the course of the early many years of the chilly battle, large-scale investments in American safety and aerospace study and improvement spawned numerous problem-solving ideas, applied sciences, and associations. From structures research to reconnaissance satellites to imagine tanks, those suggestions didn't stay specific components of the security institution.

Extra resources for From Warfare to Welfare: Defense Intellectuals and Urban Problems in Cold War America

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21 What differed about the argument for dispersal during the postwar period was that it enabled federal agencies, national planning organizations, and individual cities to latch onto older planning theories in the name of defensive measures. In their enthusiasm for defense planning, they offered Augur and other dispersal supporters numerous public platforms. Like Augur, Bauer, an in_uential ~gure in twentieth-century planning and housing, found the dispersal conversation offered ammunition to advance some of her older ideas.

Computers were able to engage more effectively and more quickly than ever before with more variables. The explicit goal of this marriage of technique and technology was to make decisions with the highest likelihood of a positive outcome, however leaders chose to de~ne that outcome. S. Air Force) and to elite universities (from which it drew many of its consultants), dispersed such simulation games beyond its walls. Aerospace applications quickly followed military ones, and at several institutions (the Jet Propulsion Lab, Boeing, Lockheed, and TRW) sys- 40 Command, Control, and Community tems analysis became standard management practice.

Similarly, Lewis Anthony Dexter, an industrial analyst at MIT and former adviser to the Democratic National Committee, observed that Project East River should have ignited a much more vigorous public discussion than it did. At a 1954 meeting of industrial dispersion committees, participants discussed the extremely slow progress of dispersal in New York City. 46 Several years later, in 1960, Philip Clayton would complain that, still, too little had been done to convert plans into reality in the United States, whereas Russia had built 118 cities since 1951 with civil defense in mind.

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