By Jaap Jacobs
This quantity covers the background of the Dutch colony New Netherland at the North American continent. according to huge study of archival fabric on each side of the Atlantic Ocean, a lot of which has now not been formerly used, this paintings presents the main whole evaluation but of a colony that has been often missed by means of historians. The chapters care for issues equivalent to styles of immigration, govt and justice, economic system, faith, social constitution, fabric tradition, and mentality of the colonists. This ebook may be very important not only for college kids of Dutch colonial background, but additionally for students in early American historical past.
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This quantity covers the historical past of the Dutch colony New Netherland at the North American continent. according to huge study of archival fabric on either side of the Atlantic Ocean, a lot of which has now not been formerly used, this paintings offers the main entire evaluation but of a colony that has been ordinarily overlooked via historians.
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Extra info for New Netherland: A Dutch Colony in Seventeenth-Century America (The Atlantic World) (The Atlantic World)
88 Little is known about the voyages commissioned by the New Netherland Company. Van Wassenaer, in his Historisch verhael, reports that Hendrick Christiaensz. 89 Between 1614 and 1616 Cornelis Hendricksz. van Monnickendam explored the coast around the South River as captain of the Onrust. Another small ship built in New Netherland, the IJseren Vercken, was also used for reconnaissance and trade on the South River. On the basis of these journeys, in August 1616 Gerrit and Jonas Witsen, Lambert van Tweenhuysen, and Paulus Pelgrom on behalf of the Company requested a separate patent for this area, which lay below the fortieth parallel.
70 Van der Donck, Beschryvinge, 77 (Description, 103; Snow, Gehring and Starna, In Mohawk Country, 127); NYSA, NYCM 6: 170 (27 November 1655; CM 1655–1656, 145), 254 (26 January 1656; CM 1655–1656, 204); Feister, ‘Linguistic Communication’, 33–34; Starna, ‘Assessing American Indian-Dutch Studies’. 71 Neither Megapolensis nor Van der Donck had any aﬃnity with the animistic spiritual world of the Indians so alien to the monotheistic European religions. With a mixture of astonishment and repugnance, the Dutch describe the Indian rituals through which, for example, evil spirits were driven out of a sick man.
This word was also used in dealings with the Indians as the title of the colonists’ leaders. Van der Donck opined that leadership was hereditary among the Indians. 66 The authority of the sachems, relatively limited in Dutch eyes, was based on their capacity to maintain mutual peace and consensus by means of persuasion and the ritual exchange of gifts. Megapolensis believed that, in general, the sachems were the poorest among the Indian peoples, as they had to give rather than receive, in contrast with European societies in which one of the powers of people in authority was to levy taxes.