By Jonathan P. Herzog
In his farewell deal with, Dwight D. Eisenhower warned the state of the perils of the military-industrial complicated. yet as Jonathan Herzog exhibits during this insightful historical past, Eisenhower had spent his presidency contributing to a different, lesser identified, chilly warfare collaboration: the spiritual-industrial complex.
This attention-grabbing quantity indicates that American leaders within the early chilly battle years thought of the clash to be profoundly non secular; they observed Communism not just as godless but additionally as a sinister type of faith. scuffling with religion with religion, they intentionally used spiritual ideals and associations as a part of the plan to defeat the Soviet enemy. Herzog deals an illuminating account of the ensuing spiritual-industrial advanced, chronicling the rhetoric, the courses, and the rules that turned its hallmarks. He exhibits that famous activities just like the addition of the phrases ''under God'' to the Pledge of Allegiance have been a small a part of a far higher and comparatively unexplored application that promoted faith national. Herzog indicates how those efforts performed out in components of yank existence either predictable and unexpected--from pulpits and presidential appeals to nationwide religion drives, army education barracks, public college school rooms, and Hollywood epics. hundreds of thousands of usa citizens have been bombarded with the message that the spiritual couldn't be Communists, only a brief step from the all-too-common end that the irreligious couldn't be real american citizens.
Though the spiritual-industrial advanced declined within the Nineteen Sixties, its statutes, monuments, and sentiments continue to exist as bulwarks opposed to secularism and as reminders that the country rests upon the basis of non secular religion. They proceed to function important allies for these protecting where of faith in American existence
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Extra resources for The Spiritual-Industrial Complex: America's Religious Battle against Communism in the Early Cold War
The Great Plains fared little better. In Sedgwick County, Kansas, less than a quarter of all residents belonged to a church. Regular church attendance of Protestants and Catholics in one Rocky Mountain county was fewer than 2 percent by the 1920s. A comprehensive study of six different geographic regions funded by the Institute of Social and Religious Research concluded that the role of religion within rural society was disintegrating. Outside the South, rural America rapidly lost places of worship in the early twentieth century, leaving many communities churchless.
He hated injustice with a righteous hatred. His whole life was a fight against oppression. ” New York mayor and close Roosevelt ally Fiorello La Guardia also employed Christian teachings to show that New Deal policies were not as radical as some believed. ”89 No image resonated with Americans more than Roosevelt’s discussion of money changers. Citizens flooded the White House with letters through the dark days of 1933 commending the president for his stand against greed. Many followed Roosevelt’s lead and viewed the struggle with economic depression in Biblical terms.
His 24 ROOTS most comprehensive and blistering attack came in his 1930 book Treatise on the Gods. Like William Graham Sumner, he construed religion less as a fixed truth than an institution continually shaped by society. . ” As with Lippmann and other intellectuals, he seriously addressed the diminishing role of religion as moral custodian. Unlike Lippmann, he contended that American religion was an obstacle to a morally sound society. ”39 Journalists were not the only opinion makers offsetting their pens against religion.